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Thursday, April 26, 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 26th April 2018

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1)  PM Modi Embarks On 3-Day Visit To China
•Prime Minister Narendra Modi left on a three-day visit to China. Mr Modi will hold talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping during an informal summit in Wuhan city. 

•It is expected that the meeting between Mr Modi and Mr Xi will be a milestone in India-China relations. This will be Mr Modi’s fourth visit to China after he came to power in 2014.

2)  HRD Ministry Launches 2nd Edition Of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan
•The Ministry of Human Resource Development, HRD launched the second edition of the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan under which students from 750 higher educational institutions from across the country will adopt villages and visit them to get acquainted with lifestyle of people there and the problems faced by them.

•The minister advised the students to involve local village people at every stage of problem identification and solving issues relating to health, cleanliness, waste management, plantation, financial inclusion, women and child development.

3)  48th Foundation Day Of HUDCO Celebrated
•The Minister of Housing & Urban Development Hardeep Singh inaugurated the 48th Foundation Day of Housing and Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO).

•HUDCO is playing an important role in taking financial inclusion forward in the country, as it is taking care of the housing finance needs of the economically deprived sections.

4)  Mario Abdo Benitez Elected New President Of Paraguay
•Mario Abdo Benitez won the presidential election conducted in Paraguay. He belongs to the ruling Colorado Party. He had secured 46.5% of the votes, with 96% of 21,000.

•Efrain Alegre of the Authentic Radical Liberal Party came second with 42.7% of the votes. Mario Abdo Benitez’s 5-year term begins on 15th August 2018.

5)  World Press Freedom Index Report: India Ranks 138th, Norway Tops
•According to the 2018 World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters Without Borders (RSF), India has ranked 138th (falling 2 positions down from 136th in 2017). The list has been topped by Norway. North Korea was at the bottom-most position (180th) in the list.

•The World Press Freedom Index measures the level of media freedom in 180 countries, including the level of pluralism, media independence, the environment and self-censorship, the legal framework, transparency, and the quality of the infrastructure.

•The Top 3 countries in World Press Freedom Index Report are:

1. Norway
2. Sweden
3. The Netherlands.

6)  Coastal Security Exercise 'Sagar Kavach' Held In Kerala
•Exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ is being conducted to strengthen and assess the loopholes in the coastal security mechanism along Kerala shores. Along with Coastal Police and Marine Enforcement wing, Indian Coast Guard and Indian Navy is also participating in Exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’.

•10 ships of Indian Coast Guard, three ships of the Indian navy, four fishing boats, and 20 coastal police stations from Vizhinjam to Kasaragod are among those taking part in this exercise. The Exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ is held twice a year.

7)  CSIR And DoT Enter Into MoU For Establishing Nationwide Time Stamping
•An MoU on technical knowledge sharing for establishing a nationwide Time Stamping & Time Synchronization network and traceability of Time signal to UTC NPL Time was signed between Council of Scientific and Industrial Research -National Physical Laboratory (CSIR-NPL) and Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Ministry of Communications. 

•The Nationwide, Time Stamping & Time Synchronization network consisting of 22 numbers of Time Synchronization Centers (TSC’s) will be set up by DoT with technical assistance from CSIR-NPL.




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IAS Preparation:15 History Questions You Must Try!

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Preparing for IAS this year? Here are 15 history questions that you must try to boost your knowledge in history. This post is brought to you by Oliveboard, an online exam preparation platform for government and banking exams.
UPSC History Question 1:
Consider the following statements about “Mauryan Administration”
·  It was based on “Saptanga Rajya Theory of administration”
·  It was introduced by Kautilya in “Artha Shastra”
·  “Maya” was one of the Sapta-Anga in the theory
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
Options:
1. Only 1 is correct
2. Only 1 and 2 are correct
3. Only 2 and 3 are correct
4. All statements are correct
Answer: Option 2 – Only 1 and 2 are correct
Solution: The Arthashastra of Kautilya is an extremely sophisticated and detailed treatise on statecraft. Arthashastra played a vital role in the making of Mauryan Administration which was highly centralised in nature. According to the Saptanga Rajya Theory, state must be consisted of seven inter-related and inter-locked Angas (limbs) or elements. These elements are (1) Swami (Lord), (2) Amatya (ministers) (3) Janapada (the territory and people) (4) Durg (fortified capital) (5) Kosha (the treasury) (6) Danda (Justice) and (7) Mitra (Ally).

UPSC History Question 2:
Arrange the following battles fought by Britishers in chronological order.
·  Anglo Gurkha War
·  First Anglo-Sikh War
·  Second Anglo-Maratha War
·  Fourth Anglo-Mysore War
Options:
1. 4-3-1-2
2. 2-1-3-4
3. 1-2-4-3
4. 3-4-1-2
Answer: Option 1 – 4-3-1-2
Solution:
Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1798–1799)
Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–1805)
Anglo-Gorkha war (1814–1816)
First Anglo-Sikh War (1845-1846)
 
UPSC History Question 3:
With reference to the ‘Communal Award’, which of the following statements is not correct?
· British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin declared the communal award after third-round table conference.
· Award proposed to declare the depressed classes to be minorities and entitled them to reservation of seats.
Select the correct Code
Options:
1. Only 1
2. Only 2
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option 3 – Both 1 and 2
Solution: Communal Award was announced by the British PM Ramsay MacDonald in August 1932 after third-round table conference. The award was proposed to declare the depressed classes as the minorities and entitled them to separate electorates. It would have created the rift between the upper and lower caste of Hindu religion. Congress opposed the condition of separate electorates. Congress was not in favour of changing the communal award without the consent of minorities. So, Congress decided neither to accept the communal award nor to reject it.
Source- Old NCERT- Modern India.

UPSC History Question 4:
Which of the following statements regarding Gupta rule are correct?
·  Civil and Criminal Laws were differentiated during this rule.
· Trader’s Guilds played a Dominant role in Trade and commerce
Select the correct Code
Options:
1. Only 1
2. Only 2
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option 3 – Both 1 and 2
Solution: Under Gupta rule, the judicial system was developed, and several law books were written. For the first time Civil and Criminal Laws were differentiated during this rule.
The Guilds controlled the industries and Crafts. Trade flourished. Foreign trade was carried on with countries like China, Indonesia and Sri Lanka.
Source: NIOS History

UPSC History Question 5:
Which of the following newspapers from pre-independence India were published in Hindi?
Options:
1. Indu Prakash
2. Bharat Mitra
3. Amrita Bazar Patrika
4. Bombay Samachar
Answer: Option 2 – Bharat Mitra
Solution – Indu Prakash – Marathi, Bharat Mitra – Hindi , Amrit Bazaar Patrika – English and Bombay Samachar – Gujrati,

UPSC History Question 6:
Which of the following statements with reference to “Ghadar Movement” are correct?
·  HarDayal, Rash Bihari Bose, Barkatullah were the Leaders of this movement.
· It involved Punjabi immigrants on the West Coast of North America
Select the correct code.
Options:
1. Only 1
2. Only 2
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Neither 1 nor 2
Answer: Option 3 – Both 1 and 2
Solution: The Ghadar revolutionaries were recruited largely from the ranks of Punjabi immigrants who had settled on the West Coast of North America at least since 1904. They were mostly debt-ridden and land-hungry peasants from the crowded areas of Punjab, especially Jullundur and Hoshiarpur, many of whom had served in the British Indian Army and had thus acquired the confidence and the means necessary for emigration. They freely accepted non-Sikhs and non-Punjabis as leaders- HarDayal was a Hindu, Barkatullah a Muslim, Rash Bihari Bose a Hindu and Bengali. They revered leaders from all over India-Tilak, Savarkar, Khudi Ram Bose and Aurobindo Ghosh were their heroes.
Source- IGNOU (B.A. History)
 
UPSC History Question 7:
Which of the following statements about ‘VeluThampi’ are correct?
·  He was the Dewan (Dalawa) of Travancore Empire
·  He Led a rebellion against the British forces in Travancore
· Battle of Quilon was fought between British and VeluThampi’s men
Select the correct code.
Options:
1. Only 1
2. Only 2 and 3
3. Both 1 and 3
4. All are correct
Answer: Option 4 – All are correct
VeluThambi was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of the Kingdom of Travancore. He rose in revolt against the British when they tried to oust him from the post of Diwan. He was also against the heavy financial burden imposed on the kingdom by the Subsidiary Alliance Treaty. VeluThampi was able to garner good support from the people of the land against the British.
He took his own life in order to avoid capture by the British in 1809.
Source: NCERT

UPSC History Question 8:
The Practise of Sati was first referred to in which of the following inscriptions?
Options:
1. Naneghat Inscription
2. Eran Inscription
3. Mandasor Inscription
4. Junagarh Rock inscription
Answer: Option 2 – Eran Inscription
Solution: Bhanugupta’s inscription at Eran (Airana), dated 510 AD gives the first inscriptional evidence of Sati. It mentions that Goparaja, the general of Bhanugupta died in war and his widow committed sati.
Source: NCERT

UPSC History Question 9:
‘Vachana literature’ was heavily influenced by which of the following Philosophers?
Options:
1. Charvaka
2. Kanad Rishi
3. Basavanna
4. Nagsena
Answer: Option 3 – Basavanna
Source: Basavanna was a 12th-century Lingayat philosopher, statesman, Kannada poet in the Bhakti movement and a social reformer during the reign of the ‘Kalachuri-dynasty king Bijjala I’ in Karnataka, India. Basava literary works include the ‘Vachana Sahitya’ in Kannada Language. Main aim of Vachana (poetry) movement, led by Basaveshwara was welfare of all i.e. “Sakalajeevatmarigelesu”.
Source-  PIB
UPSC History Question 10:
Which of the following statements about “Chola Empire” of 10th and 11th century is/are correct?
· Cholas had the strongest Navy in the Arabian and adjoining ocean during.
·  Cholas carried out a Naval Expediation against the Sri Vijaya Empire of Vietnam
·  Chola’s sent diplomatic and commercial embassies to Japan
Select the correct code.
Options:
1. Only 1 and 2
2. Only 2 and 3
3. All are correct
4. None are correct
Answer: Option 4 – None are correct.
Solution: Cholas had the strongest Navy in the Bay of Bengal and adjoining ocean during. Cholas carried out a Naval Expedition against the Sri Vijaya Empire of Sumatra. Chola’s sent diplomatic and commercial embassies to China
Source: NCERT

UPSC History Question 11:
Which of the following battles were fought by Babur?
· Battle of Khanwa
· Second Battle of Panipat
· Battle of Chanderi
·  Battle of Chausa
Select the correct code.
Options:
1. Only 1 and 3
2. Only 2 and 3
3. Only 2 and 4
4.  All of them
Answer: Option 1 – Only 1 and 3.
Solution: Battle of Khanua – Babur v/s Rana Sanga (1527).
Second Battle of Panipat – Akbar v/s Hemu (1556)
Battle of Chanderi – Babur v/s Medini Rai of Chanderi (1528)
Battle of Chause – Humayun v/s Sher Shah Sur (1539)

UPSC History Question 12:
Match the Following historical texts with their writers.
A
B
1)
Naturalis Historia
Kalhana
2)
Geography
Banabhatta
3)
Harshacharita
Ptolemy
4)
Rajatarangini
Pliny
Options:
1. A1-B3, A2-B4, A3-B1, A4-B2
2. A1-B4, A2-B3, A3-B1, A4-B2
3. A1-B3, A2-B4, A3-B2, A4-B1
4. A1-B4, A2-B3, A3-B2, A4-B1
Answer: Option 4. A1-B4, A2-B3, A3-B2, A4-B1
Solution: Pliny’s Naturalis Historia which belongs to First century AD was written in Latin and tells us about Trade between India and Italy.
Potlemy’s Geography Written in Greek, provide valuable data for the study of ancient Geography and commerce
Harshacharita by Banabhatta describes early career of Harshavardhana
Rajatarangini by Kalhana is a string of biographies of the Kings of Kashmir
Source: NCERT

UPSC History Question 13:
Which of the following statements about Late Stone Age is/are correct?
· The characteristic tools of the Late Stone Age are Microliths
· The Late Stone sites are found in good numbers in Chota Nagpur, North India and South of river Krishna
Select the correct code.
Options:
1. Only 1
2. Only 2
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Niether 1 nor 2
Answer: Option 1 – Only 1.
Solution: The Late Stone Age sites are found in good numbers in Chota Nagpur, Central India and South of River Krishna.
Source: NCERT

UPSC History Question 14:
Which among the following statements is/are true with regards to Chalcolithic Culture.
· The houses were normally built by Burnt Bricks
· They used to produce Wheat and Rice crops
Select the correct code.
Options:
1. Only 1
2. Only 2
3. Both 1 and 2
4. Niether 1 nor 2
Answer: Option 2 – Only 2.
Solution: The Chalcolithic people were generally not acquainted with burnt bricks, which were seldom used. Occasionally their houses were made of mud bricks, but mostly these were constructed with wattle and duab, and seem to have been thatched houses.
Source: NCERT

UPSC History Question 15:
What was the system of revenue administration introduced by Akbar called?
Options:
1. Dahsala system
2. Zabti system
3. Both A and B
4. Neither A nor B
Answer: Option 3 – Both A and B.
Solution: Akbar instituted a new system called the dahsala. Under this system the average produce of different crops as well as the average prices prevailing over the last 10 (dah) years were calculated. The system was further improved and was later called as Zabti system.
Source: NCERT
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