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Monday, August 20, 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 20th August 2018

18:05 0

1) India Successfully Tests Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’
•India successfully flight tested the indigenously developed helicopter launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’ from Pokhran in Rajasthan. The weapon system tested for its full range was released smoothly from the launch platform. The missile hit the target with high precision. 

•The indigenously designed and developed guided bombs Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW) was also successfully flight tested from IAF aircraft at Chandan range in Jaisalmer. The weapon system was integrated with live warhead and has destroyed the targets with high precision. Senior officials from DRDO and the Indian Air Force participated and witnessed the flight tests.

2) 1st All India Rural Financial Inclusion Survey By NABARD Released
•NABARD All India Financial Inclusion Survey (NAFIS), conducted by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), was released by Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog in New Delhi. The report revealed that farm households register higher income than the families solely dependent on non-farm livelihood activities in rural areas.

•The survey, with reference year of 2015-16, which covered 40,327 rural households, highlighted that the average annual income of an agricultural household is Rs 1,07,172 compared to Rs 87,228 for families engaged only in non-agricultural activities. The survey defined farm households as families having over Rs 5,000 as value of produce from agricultural operations in the year preceding the survey. For all rural households, the average annual income stood at Rs 96,708.

3) EAM Sushma Swaraj Inaugurate 'Panini Language Laboratory' In Mauritius
•External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj inaugurated 'Panini Language Laboratory' at Mahatma Gandhi Institute (MGI) at Port Louis in Mauritius. She called on Prime Minister of Mauritius Pravind Kumar Jagnauth and discussed further deepening of the special ties between the two nations. 

•The Lab has been gifted by the Government of India and it will help MGI in teaching of all Indian languages in Mauritius. 

4) General Dalbir Singh Suhag Awarded US ‘Legion Of Merit’ 2018
•The United States government has awarded the Legion of Merit (Degree of Commander) to General Dalbir Singh Suhag (Retired), of the Indian Army, for exceptionally meritorious service as chief of the Army staff, Indian Army. 

•The award was presented to General Suhag at Pentagon, Washington DC, in the presence of his family members and the Indian Military Attache to the United States of America. 

5) Israeli Journalist And Peace Activist Uri Avnery Passes Away
•Uri Avnery, a trailblazing Israeli journalist and peace activist and one of the first to openly advocate for a Palestinian state passed away at the age of 94.

•A member of Israel’s founding generation, he fought in the pre-state Irgun underground militia. After independence, he became a publisher, member of parliament, author and activist.

6) S K Arora Awarded WHO World No Tobacco Day 2017 Award
•Delhi government’s additional director of health, SK Arora was awarded prestigious World Health Organization (WHO) World No Tobacco Day 2017 Award for his extraordinary contribution towards tobacco control. He was presented the award by Henk Bekedam, WHO India country head in New Delhi.

•It is awarded every year by WHO to individuals or organisations alike in each of six WHO regions for their accomplishments in the area of tobacco control. 

7) FSSAI Constitutes B Sesikeran Committee To Review Food Labelling Standards
•The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) constituted a group of experts from the health and nutrition sector to look into the issue of food labelling.

•The expert panel will be headed by B Sesikeran. Mr Sesikeran is the former director of National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) and comprises Hemalatha and Dr Nikhil Tandon. The panel will study in detail the concerns of the industry and make recommendations. 

8) Asian Games 2018: Wrestler Bajrang Punia Wins 1st Gold For India
•It was a mixed day for India on Day two of the 18th Asian Games in Indonesia. A dominating Bajrang Punia opened India’s gold medal account by defeating Japan’s Daichi Takatani in the final of Men’s Freestyle 65 kg. category. 

•India opened its medal account with a bronze by Apurvi Chandela and Ravi Kumar in rifle mixed team shooting event. 

9) Asian Games 2018: Vinesh Phogat Wins Gold In Women's Freestyle 50kg Event
•Vinesh Phogat won the gold medal and the country's fifth medal at the ongoing 2018 Asian Games on Monday. Vinesh Phogat beat Japan's Yuki Irie in Women's Freestyle 50 kg gold medal match. She is also the first female gold medal winner at the Asiad. Vinesh hardly broke into a sweat in her earlier semi-final encounter against Daulatbike Yakshimuratova of Uzbekistan, as the referees took just 75 seconds to declare the Indian the winner by technical superiority (10-0). Vinesh had earlier registered a comfortable 11-0 victory over South Korea's Kim Hyungjoo in the quarter-finals, after defeating China's Sun Yanan by technical superiority 8-2 in the 1/8 finals. But the other Indians in the fray -- Sakshi Malik and Pooja Dhanda -- failed to win their respective semi-final ties and can now hope only for a bronze.

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The HINDU Notes – 20th August 2018

13:44 0

📰 Reality check: On simultaneous polls

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AFCAT 2 2018 Questions and Answer

07:10 0

AFCAT 2 2018 Questions and Answer 18th August

  1. Indian hockey captain in 1928 – Jaipal Singh Munda
  2. What is biome? – a large naturally occurring community of flora and fauna occupying a major habitat, e.g. forest or tundra.
  3. Mike Powell long jump record in meters? – Mike Powell 8.95 m (29 ft 4 14 in) (1991)
  4. First ever women PM in the world? – Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the first women PM in the world. She became the PM of Sri Lanka(then Ceylon).
  5. What is the Radcliffe Line? – The Radcliffe Line was the boundary demarcation line between the Indian and Pakistani portions of the Punjab and Bengal provinces of British India. It was named after its architect, Sir Cyril Radcliffe, who, as the joint chairman of the two boundary commissions for the two provinces, received the responsibility to equitably divide 175,000 square miles (450,000 km2) of territory with 88 million people.
  6. Who was the first posthumous recipient of Bharat Ratna ? – Lal Bahadur Shastri 
  7. In which year Goa is taken by India? – The Annexation of Goa was the process in which the Republic of India annexed the former Portuguese Indian territories of Goa, Daman, and Diu, starting with the “armed action” carried out by the Indian Armed Forces in December 1961.
  8. Baltic cup related to? – The Baltic Cup is an international football competition contested by the national teams of the Baltic states – Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Also Finland has participated as a guest twice.
  9. Hook pass is related to which game?- Basketball
  10. Hindu Sanskrit Book Natya Shastra is written by?- Bharata Muni was an ancient Indian theatrologist and musicologist who wrote the Natya Shastra, a theoretical treatise on ancient Indian dramaturgy and histrionics, especially Sanskrit theatre. Bharata is considered the father of Indian theatrical art forms.
  11. How many timeouts can a team take in volleyball? – Maximum of 2 timeouts per game for a team is allowed. Time out lasts 30 seconds. In official international competitions, two 60 seconds technical time-out are used when the leading team reaches the 8 or 16 point mark.
  12. What caused the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre? –  The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when a crowd of nonviolent protesters, along with Baishakhi pilgrims, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, were fired upon by troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer.
  13. Daksh Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) – Daksh is an electrically powered Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) designed and developed by the Indian state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at the Research and Development Establishment (Engineers), Pune, India.
  14. What was the term used for measurement of land in the Delhi Sultanate period? – Masahat
  15. Riga is the capital of which country? – Latvia, with Riga as its capital city, thus declared its independence on 18 November 1918. Between World War I and World War II (1918–1940), Riga and Latvia shifted their focus from Russia to the countries of Western Europe.
  16. Who was the founder of Brahmo Samaj? – Raja Rammohan Roy founded Brahmo Samaj in Calcutta on 20 August 1828. It was more of a reformist movement of Hinduism which later got divided into adi Brahmo samaj and sadharan Brahmo samaj.
  17. Where is Indira Point located? – Indira Point is a village in the Nicobar district at Great Nicobar Island of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. It is located in the Great Nicobar tehsil. It is the location of the southernmost point of India’s territory.
  18. JAXA is an aerospace agency of which country? –  Japan 
  19. India became a member of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) as a founding member in 1966. The Bank is engaged in promoting economic and social progress of its developing member countries (DMCs) in the Asia Pacific Region.
  20. Vitamin which is responsible for blood clotting? – vitamin K affects the clotting mechanism by being essential for the production of four distinct clotting factors: prothrombin, factors VII, IX and X.
  21. Oldest Veda? – The Rigveda is the oldest work, which Witzel states are probably from the period of 1900 to 1100 BCE. Witzel, also notes that it is the Vedic period itself, where incipient lists divide the Vedic texts into three (trayī) or four branches: Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva.
  22. Which act is known as the Black Act? – The Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919, popularly known as the Rowlatt Act and also known as the Black Act, was a legislative act passed by the Imperial Legislative Council in Delhi on March 18, 1919, indefinitely extending the emergency measures of preventive indefinite detention, incarceration without trial and judicial review enacted in the Defence of India Act 1915 during the First World War. It was enacted in light of a perceived threat from revolutionary nationalist organisations of re-engaging in similar conspiracies as during the war which the Government felt the lapse of the DIRA regulations would enable.
  23. Jallianwala bagh massacre happened due to which act? – Rowlatt Act
  24. Taseometer used to measure? – taseometer is an instrument to measure strains.
  25. Characteristics of coal – Coal is a black, inhomogeneous, organic fuel, formed largely from partially decomposed and metamorphosed plant materials. Formation has occurred over long time periods, often under high pressures of overburden and at elevated temperatures.
  26. Mont Blanc is situated in? – Mont Blanc, Italian Monte Bianco, mountain massif and highest peak (15,771 feet [4,807 metres]) in Europe. Located in the Alps, the massif lies along the French-Italian border and reaches into Switzerland.
  27. Ten cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 WinterOlympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028).
  28. Island between Russia and Japan ? – The Kuril Islands dispute, also known as the Northern Territories dispute, is a disagreement between Japan and Russia and also some individuals of the Ainu people over sovereignty of the South Kuril Islands.
  29. “Double fault” is related to which sport? – The term double-fault can be an adjective referring to: double fault (computing), a fault that occurs during processing of another. double fault (tennis), two consecutive faults during service.
  30. ‘Lona’ is the term associated with which sports? – Kabaddi
  31. Which place is the Key to the Mediterranean Sea? – Gibraltar is the key to the Mediterranean Sea. It is 3 miles (5 km) long and 3/4 mile wide and is connected to Spain by a low, sandy isthmus which is 1 mile long.
  32. Capital of Estonia? – Tallinn became the capital of an independent Estonia. After World War II started, Estonia acceded to the Soviet Union (USSR) in 1940, and later occupied by Nazi Germany from 1941 to 1944.
  33. War fought between Sshershah and Humayun in the year 1540AD? – Battle of Kannauj (1540 A.D.) – Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun.
  34. Jude Felix is a famous Indian player in which of the fields? – Jude Felix was captain of the Indian Hockey team from 1993 to 1995.
  35. What are the five colors on the Olympic flag? – The rings are five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green and red on a white field, known as the “Olympic rings”. 
  36. 1st Asian games held at? – The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until the 1978 Games.
  37. Satyajit Ray received Bharat Ratna in which year? – Satyajit Ray received an Academy Honorary Award in 1992 followed by the Bharat Ratna the same year.
  38. The light year is unit of ? – The light-year is a unit of length used to express astronomical distances and measures about 9.5 trillion kilometers or 5.9 trillion miles. As defined by the International Astronomical Union (IAU), a light-year is the distance that light travels in vacuum in one Julian year (365.25 days).
  39. Women who won first medal in olympic in india? – The first Indian woman to ever win an Olympic medal was Karnam Malleswari who won a bronze medal at the Sydney Olympics in the Women’s 69 kg category in Weightlifting.
  40. Degree of tropic of cancer? – The Tropic of Cancer is the circle marking the latitude 23.5 degrees north, where the sun is directly overhead at noon on June 21, the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere.
  41. In the Rigveda, the Maruts are known as storm gods.
  42. Who is known as the Little corporal?- Little Corporal, Napoleon Bonaparte. So called after the battle of Lodi, in 1796, from his low stature, youthful age, and amazing courage.
  43. Member of lok sabha during first election? 
  44. No. Of constituencies in india during the first indian parliament election? – The first general elections, which were conducted for 489 seats in 401 constituencies, represented 25 Indian states. At that time, there were 314 constituencies with one seat, 86 with two seats and one with three seats. The multi-seat constituencies were abolished in the 1960s. There were also 2 nominated Anglo-Indian members.
  45. Author of the underground railroad? – Colson Whitehead
  46. In which country Baikonur cosmodrome is located? –The Cosmodrome is the world’s first and largest operational space launch facility. The spaceport is located in the desert steppe of Baikonur, about 200 kilometres (124 mi) east of the Aral Sea and north of the river Syr Darya. It is near the Tyuratam railway station and is about 90 meters (300 ft) above sea level. Baikonur Cosmodrome and the city of Baikonur celebrated the 63rd anniversary of the foundation on June 2, 2018
  47. First indigenously built fighter aircraft by India? – The HAL HF-24 Marut (“Spirit of the Tempest”) is an Indian fighter-bomber aircraft of the 1960s. Developed by Hindustan Aircraft Limited (HAL), with Kurt Tank as lead designer. It is the first Indian-developed jet aircraft, and the first Asian jet fighter to go beyond the test phase and into successful production and active service. On 17 June 1961, the type conducted its maiden flight; on 1 April 1967, the first production Marut was officially delivered to the IAF.
AFCAT 2 2018 Numerical Ability Maths Questions
  1. The difference between compound interest and simple interest in the 3rd year at a rate of 10% is 77.5 rupees is??
  2. Two horses sold at 1200/-each . first one on a profit of 20% and second one is in 20%loss .the overall profit/loss in percentage is? – 4% loss
  3. the intial price of a colour tv is three time of that music system ,now if price of tv is increase by 10% and music system by 18% ,then find the profit loss % on buying 8 colour tv and 5 music system?
  4. The average of 5/16 and 3.6% is?
  5. A and B make a 221 metre in 100/ 9 day . They both working on alternate days A starting the work make the same wall in 89/4 days . They both work together make a wall of double length to that wall and get 1800 rupees find the share of B in it??
  6. Efficiency of A,B and C is in the ratio 4:5:6. What is the ratio of the time in which they complete the work?
  7. Someone purchase egg in ₹100. 20% eggs break. Now on how much he should sold the remaining egg to get net profit of 10 %?
  8. A bank give 16% interest per annum compounded semi annually. What interest a man get on amount of ₹10000 in 2 years?
  9. If a stream takes 5 hours from A to B ….. And 3 hours from B to A …….if a wood log left at B and it start from B at 6:00 monday then at what time it will reach A?
  10. 56^0.16×16^0.18=???
  11. √ 0.0081+ √ .0064=?
  12. If there is 25% increase in the cost of sugar by what % consumption should be decreased in order to maintain expenditure?
  13. Average marks of a class are 70. if average marks of fail students are 40 and pass student is 80 marks. find % of pass students?
  14. Population of a village increase 5% annually . if in2016 population 1852200 , find population in 2014?
  15. If the difference between CI and SI is 77.5 Rs in 3yrs at 10% p.a . Ffind the sum ?
  16. An alloy has an element in 2:3 in how many steps will A be more than 50% increase 20% of A and 5% of B each time ?
  17. Avg of 3.6 and 20% is?
  18. A man brought 2 horse 4 1200 each if he gives 10% discount he gets 10% profit.. wat is the % of loss or gain if he gives 20% discount?
  19. A mixture of 250 ml of milk and water is 7:2 if water is added to the mixture the ratio becomes 7:3 …what amount of water is added to the mixture?
  20. Average age of 25 studnts is 16yrs …if a teacher is added the average age becomes 18 yrs …if another teacher is replaced dat teacher wat is the age of new born teacher?
  21. (0.0081)1/2 + (0.0064)1/2 = ?
  22. √6140+√6554 = ?
  23. 729ml of milk contains milk and water in ratio 7:2 how much water is to be added in the mixture to make the ratio 7:3?
AFCAT 2 2018 Odd One Out
  1. Admiral, Colonel, Commodore, and Commander.
  3. prism, cube, cone and sqaure
AFCAT 2 2018 Synonym
  1. Defunct
  2. Brawn
  3. Debilitate
  4. Daunt
  5. Capricious
  6. Umbrage 
AFCAT 2 2018 Antonym
  1. Tranquility
  2. Brawny
AFCAT 2 2018 Idioms
  1. By dint of
  2. At dagger’s drown – to have enmity
  3. At sixes and sevens 
Venn Diagrams :
  • Thief/Criminal/Police
  • Animals/Amphibian/Tortoise
  • Haryana/ Gurgaon/Punjab/Ludhiana

AFCAT 2 2018 Questions and Answer 19th August

  • President of IMF
  • Where was the first congress meeting held ?
  • autobiography of sachin Tendulkar
  • 1st test cricket century for india
  • Wisden award indian cricket player of 20th century,
  • Eastern point of india
  • Largest coal mine in india
  • First State to declare hindi as official state language
  • Bullfight national game of which country
  • What is ins kadamba
  •  inventor of typewriter
  • under which p.m india conducted nuclear test in1998
  • eastern most point of our country
  • youngest mountain range
  •  in which dynasty konark and sun temple were made
  • Players of which sport are called as ‘cagers’
  • Sergey bubka record in 35 times in which..
  • Pristina is capital of…
  • Study of atmosphere climate monsoon?
  • who converted kanishka to Buddhism
  • Mir bakshi in Akbar’s kingdom looked after which activity?
  • In which layer temperature increases with altitude?- Stratosphere
  • Farthest east point of India?
  • Rial is the capital of which country
Idiom & phrases
  • take a rain check
  • fortuitous
  • prevaricate
  • Momentous
  • Aver 
  • 5 dogs eat 5 biscuits in 5 minutes than in how much time will 10 dog eat 10 biscuits in how much time
  • over all average of innings is 54 when the duck innings also included the average increase by 3 . if 186 runs of innings not included then tell no. of duck innings
  • If the speed has to be increased by 10% on certain distance by how much % time be decreased by?
  • Printing costs 10%, managing costs 20% ,labour costs 15%, and other than these Rs.110 for other costs. Find the Cost of the product. 
  • Two things sold at same price. On first he gain 10% but overall get a loss of 12%. Find the approximate loss/profit % on other
  • Amount becomes 8 times in 3 years compounded annually. Find Rate.
  • Amount 5000 becomes 5671 in 2 years, compounded annually. Find approximate Rate of interest.
Odd one out
  • Pituitary:brain::thymus:?
Venn Diagram
  • doctors, married people, people with beard
  • book, novel, pen

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Good News for Dalit, SC/ST, OBC candidates! Here is how civil services aspirants can earn Rs 1 lakh

05:54 0

In an effort to encourage Dalit, SC/ST and OBC students to take up civil services, the Bihar government led by Chief Minister Nitish Kumar today announced rewards for those who clear these exams. Making these announcements, Nitish announced cash rewards for successful candidates.
“Students from Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe, Dalit and OBC communities will be given Rs 50,000 if they clear Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) Preliminary Exams and Rs 1 lakh if they clear Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Preliminary Exams,” CM Nitish Kumar announced on Tuesday.
Earlier, the BPSC announced a number of vacant posts on its official website, for which the 64th combined preliminary exam will be held. The registration for the same is already on. The commission had also increased the number of vacant posts including Block Panchayat Officers and seven for Town executives. The last date to register for prelims is August 20.
The announcement to grant rewards to successful SC/ST, OBC and Dalit students came days after the state government decided to provide reservation in promotion to SC/ST staff. It had also decided to provide reservation facility in promotions of Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes personnel in the state government jobs. This step was taken on the advice of the Centre’s Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) in the wake of the Supreme Court order passed on May 17 and June 6 on a writ petition.
However, according to an official notification, the reservation in promotions would be subject to further orders of the top court. The state government had also said that the decision in this regard was taken after the recommendations of a high-level panel of state government officials that was formed for the purpose on June 27 and the legal advice obtained in this regard. The Nitish Kumar government also gave detailed guidelines for effecting such reservation during promotions.
The decision was taken following the recommendation of the state government’s high-level committee and Secretary General/Secretary-level officials. It was formed on June 27 after the DoPT’s advice.

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Sunday, August 19, 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 19th August 2018

17:10 0

1) World Humanitarian Day: 19 August
•The World Humanitarian Day is observed across the world on August 19 to pay tribute to workers who risk their lives in humanitarian services and to gather support for people affected by crises around the world. The campaign launched on World Humanitarian Day is "#NotATarget". 

•The day was designated by the UN General Assembly to commemorate the 19 August 2003 bombing of the United Nations headquarters in Baghdad, Iraq.

2) Biggest Ever Rescue Operation In Flood-Affected Kerala
•The NDRF has the biggest ever relief and rescue operation in flood-affected Kerala. A total of 58 teams have been deputed to work in the state out of which 55 are working on the ground. This is the highest ever deployment of NDRF in a single state since its raising in 2006. The NDRF has evacuated more than 10,000 people from rain and flood-battered areas. 

•After the review, PM Modi announced a financial assistance of Rs 500 crore to the State. This is in addition to Rs. 100 Cr. announced by the Home Minister. PM also announced ex-gratia of Rs. 2 lakh per person to the next kin of the deceased and Rs. 50,000 to those seriously injured from PM's National Relief Funds. 

3) Infosys CFO MD Ranganath Resigns
•Infosys Chief Financial Officer MD Ranganath, a veteran of nearly two decades at India’s second-largest software services company, has abruptly stepped down from his position, marking the second CFO departure at Infosys in three years. 

4) Apurvi Chandela, Ravi Kumar give India its first medal of 18th Asian Games
•Shooters Apurvi Chandela and Ravi Kumar today gave India its first medal of the 18th Asian Games being held in Indonesia. In the Finals of the 10-metre Air Rifle Mixed Team event, the pair finished third with 429.9 points to bag a Bronze. Chinese Taipei took home the Gold, while China settled for the Silver.

•However, in the 10-metre Air Pistol Mixed Team event, the Indian pair of Manu Bhaker, the 16-year old Commonwealth Games and World Cup Gold medalist, and Abhishek Verma failed to qualify for the Finals after they ended sixth in the Qualification.

•Another CWG Gold medalist Shreyasi Singh and Seema Tomar are now figuring in the Qualification of Women's Trap event, with Manavjit Singh Sandhu and Lakshya featuring in Men's Trap.

5) Teen Cyclist Esow Alben Claimed India’s 1st Ever Medal
•Teen cyclist Esow Alben has created history by claiming India’s first ever medal – a silver- at the UCI Junior Track Cycling World Championships in Aigle, Switzerland. 

•The 17-year-old from Andaman and Nicobar trains in Delhi at the Sports Authority of India’s National Cycling Academy. Esow finished just 0.017 seconds behind gold medallist Stastny in the thrilling photo-finish of a race.

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The HINDU Notes – 19th August 2018

14:19 0

📰 PM Modi announces Rs. 500 crore aid

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