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Thursday, September 20, 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 20th September 2018

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1) Vice President 3-Nation Visit: India, Romania Agree To Intensify Cooperation At UN
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UPSC Prelims Previous Year Question Paper Download

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The HINDU Notes – 20th September 2018

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📰 Triple talaq is criminal offence

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Important Awards And Their Fields

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1. Bharat Ratna-
  • Bharat Ratna: It is the highest civilian award of India.
  • The award was given for outstanding achievements in the Arts, Literature, Science and Public Services but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavor”.
  • The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
Important facts about Bharat Ratna:
  • First recipient was C. Rajagopalchari
  • Highest civilian award of India
  • Presented by the Government of India.
  • Presented for exceptional public service and rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science.
  • Instituted in 1954
2. Padma Awards
Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri awards are for exceptional and distinguished service in any field including service rendered by Government servants.
Important facts about Padma Awards:
  • Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award in India.
  • For distinguished services in any field including Government service.
  • Padma Bhushan and Padma Shree are the other important civilian awards.
3. Nobel Prize
The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award available in the fields of literature, medicine, physics, chemistry, peace, and economics.
Important facts about Nobel Prize:
  • Most coveted international award of the world.
  • Instituted by Alfred Bernard Nobel (inventor of dynamite).
  • The award is giver on December 10 (death anniversary of Alfred Bernard Nobel).
  • Apart from Economics, all other categories have been given since 1901.
  • Economics Nobel Prize was instituted in 1967 and was first given in 1969
4. Booker Prize
It is an annual award for the best original novel, written in the English language, and published in the UK literary award.
Important facts about Booker Prize:
  • Highest literary award to authors of British, Irish and Commonwealth countries
  • Instituted in 1968 by the Booker Company and the British Publishers Association along the lines of Pulitzer Prize of US.
  • Renamed as Man Booker Prize, as the sponsorship has been taken over by the Man Group, an international stockbroker.
5. Vyas Samman
Vyas Samman is awarded annually by the K.K. Birla Foundation in recognition of the Hindi literary work published in past 10 years.
Important facts about Vyas Samman:
  • Instituted in 1992 by the K.K. Birla Foundation
  • For outstanding contribution to Hindi literature.
6. Oscar Awards
This is an annual American awards ceremony honoring cinematic achievements in the film industry.
Important facts about Oscar Awards:
  • Instituted in 1929
  • Conferred annually by the Academy of Motion Pictures in USA.
  • The first Indian to get an Oscar was Bhanu Athaiya for the movie ‘Gandhi’.
  • Satyajit Ray was the first Indian awarded Oscar for lifetime achievements in cinema in 1992.
7. Moorti Devi Award
The Moortidevi Award is an annual literary award in India presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith organization for a work which emphasizes Indian philosophy and culture.
8. Saraswati Samman
The award was instituted in 1991 by the K. K. Birla Foundation. It is an annual award given for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian languages.
9. Jnanpith Award
  • The award was instituted in 1961 and it is It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the newspaper The Times of India.
  • It is an annual award given for outstanding prose or poetry literary works in any 22 Indian languages.
10. Bihari Puraskar
Bihari Puraskar is a literary award instituted by K. K. Birla Foundation. The award is named after the famous Hindi poet Bihari and is awarded to an outstanding work published in Hindi or Rajasthani by a Rajasthani writer.
11. Dadasaheb Phalke Award
  • Dadasaheb Phalke Award: Cinema/Films
  • The Dadasaheb Phalke Award is India’s highest award in cinema.
  • It is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals, an organisation set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
12. Arjun Award
The Government has modified the format of Arjuna Award very recently and as per the revised schematic guidelines a sports person must have very good consistent performances for the previous 3 years at the international level to be considered as eligible for the Award. Arjuna Award for the outstanding performance from the sports persons in Sports and Games.
Important facts about Arjuna Award:
  • Instituted in 1961
  • Given by Sports Ministry, Government of India.
  • These are given for the special achievements in different types of sports.
13. Dronacharya Award
The award is named after the very famous archery coach, mentioned in the epic of India known as the Mahabharata. This very award is not related with the sports persons who are still playing in the field; instead this is related to those eminent coaches of any particular sport.
Important facts about Dronacharya Award:
  • Instituted in 1985.
  • Given by Sports Ministry, Government of India.
  • These are given to sports coaches.
14. UNESCO Peace Prize
Presented by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) For extraordinary contributions for international peace.
15. Right Livelihood Award
  • Right Livelihood Award is given in the fields of Environment and Social Justice.
  • Instituted in 1980 by the Right Livelihood Society, London.
  • Known as alternate Nobel Award
  • To promote and contribute in the fields of Environment and Social Justice.
16. UNESCO Human Rights Award
  • Given in field of Human Rights Awareness.
  • Presented by UNESCO For contributions in the field of Human Rights Awareness.
  • Given every alternate year.
17. UN Human Rights Award
  • Presented by UN for personal contribution for the cause of human rights.
  • It is presented every sixth year.
18. World Food Prize
Presented by Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) For the cause of agriculture and food development.
19. Dhyan Chand Award
The award that is given to the veteran sportspersons of India for their lifetime achievement in their respective field of sport is named as the Dhyan Chand Award for Life Time Achievement in Sports and Games.
20. Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.
  • The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna is the highest honour bestowed to a sports person for his/her achievements in India.
  • It was instituted in 1992
  • Presented for commendable display by the players.
21. Stirling Prize
The Royal Institute of British Architects Stirling Prize is a British prize for excellence in architecture.
22. Aga Khan Award
  • The Aga Khan Award for Architecture (AKAA) is an architectural prize established by Aga Khan IV in 1977.
  • It aims to identify and reward architectural concepts that successfully address the needs and aspirations of Islamic societies in the fields of contemporary design, social housing, community development and improvement.
23. Pritzker Prize
The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually “to honor a living architect.
24. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize
The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology (SSB) is a science award in India given annually by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for notable and outstanding research, applied or fundamental, in biology, chemistry, environmental science, engineering, mathematics, medicine and Physics.
25. Kalinga Prize
The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for exceptional skill in presenting scientific ideas to lay people.
26. Grammy Award
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry.
27. Abel Prize
The Abel Prize is an international prize awarded annually by the Government of Norway to one or more outstanding mathematicians.
28. Mahatma Gandhi Peace prize
  • This award is given to individuals and institutions for their contributions towards Social, Economic and Political Revolution through non-violence and Gandhian Philosophy. The award carries Rs. 10 million in cash.
  • Instituted in 1995 by Government of India.
  • It is presented for international peace on the lines of Nobel Prize.
29. Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award
  • This is for Excellence in Public Administration,Academics and Management.
  • Instituted in 1965 by the Government of India.
  • Given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to international understanding and goodwill among the people of the world.
30. Gallantry Awards
  • Param Vir Chakra: It is India’s highest award for bravery.
  • Mahavir Chakra: It is the second highest gallantry award.
  • Vir Chakra: It is the third highest gallantry award.
  • Ashok Chakra: It is the highest peace-time gallantry award
31. Dhanvantri Award
These awards are given for the extra ordinary performance in medical sciences.
32. R.D. Birla Award – Given in the field of medical sciences.
33. Bhartiya Jnanpeeth Awards
  • Instituted in 1965
  • Given for distinguished works in any recognized language by a scholar.
34. Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding
  • Instituted in 1965 by the Government of India.
  • Given annually to persons for outstanding contributions to international understanding and goodwill among the people of the world.
35. Magsaysay Awards
  • Instituted in 1957 and named after Ramon Magsaysay, the former President of Philippines.
  • This award is given annually on August 31
  • Award is given for outstanding contributions to public service, community leadership, journalism, literature and creative arts and international understanding.
  • Regarded as the Nobel Prize of Asia.

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Vision IAS Monthly Current Affair August 2018 (Hindi) Pdf Download

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Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Science 5000 Questions in Hindi PDF

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Daily Current Affairs, 19th September 2018

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1) PM Inaugurates Key Development Projects In Varanasi
•The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi inaugurated and laid the Foundation Stone for several important development projects, at a public gathering in Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Among the projects inaugurated are the Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) for Puraani Kashi; and an Atal Incubation Centre at BHU. 

•Among the projects for which the Foundation Stone was laid is the Regional Ophthalmology Centre at BHU. The cumulative value of all projects which were inaugurated, or for which foundation stone was laid is over Rs. 550 crore. 

2) PM Modi, Bangladeshi PM Sheikh Hasina Jointly Launched Indo-Bangla Pipeline Project
•Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Bangladesh counterpart Sheikh Hasina jointly launched the construction of India-Bangladesh Friendship Product Pipeline Project through video conferencing. The project will go a long way in strengthening the Indo-Bangla ties. 

India-Bangladesh Friendship Product Pipeline Project: 

•The 130-kilometre pipeline will connect Siliguri in West Bengal in India and Parbatipur in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh. 
•The capacity of the pipeline will be 1 million metric tons per annum. 
•The estimated project cost will be Rs 346 crore and it will be completed in 30 months time. 
•This will be the first such pipeline through which refined diesel will be supplied to Parbatipur depot from Numaligarh of Assam in India. 

3) Provision Of Penalties Incorporated For States, Insurance Companies For Delay In Settlement Of Claims
•The government has incorporated provision of penalties for States and Insurance Companies for the delay in settlement of insurance claims under the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY). According to the new guidelines, the farmers will be paid 12% interest by insurance companies for the delay in settlement claims beyond two months of prescribed cut-off date. 

•State Governments will have to pay 12% interest for the delay in the release of the State share of subsidy beyond three months of prescribed cut-off date submission of requisition by insurance companies. The Government has also decided to include perennial horticultural crops under the ambit of PMFBY on a pilot basis.

4) Union Home Secretary Launches ‘E-Sahaj’ Portal For Grant Of Security Clearance
•The Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba launched an online ‘e-Sahaj’ portal for grant of Security Clearance. The portal will facilitate an applicant to submit application online and also to view the status of his application from time to time. 

•With the introduction of online portal, the process has become standardized, resulting in a process which will be faster, transparent and easy to monitor. Various functionaries can access the application and documents online and take timely decisions. 

5) Cabinet Approves Ordinance Making Triple Talaq A Punishable Offence
•The Union Cabinet has approved an ordinance making triple talaq a punishable offence. The Supreme Court had in a verdict in August last year declared it illegal and unconstitutional. 

•It was cleared by the Lok Sabha but was stuck in the Rajya Sabha. Though the ordinance has been cleared, for now, it must be placed before the Parliament and the bill would still need to be passed. The ordinance will have similar provisions as the Muslim Women Protection of Rights in Marriage Act.

6) Bangladesh Cabinet Clears Deal With India For Port Usage
•Bangladesh's Cabinet has approved a draft agreement with India to enable New Delhi to use the Chittagong and Mongla ports for the movement of goods to and from northeast India.  According to the cabinet Secretary Shafiul Alam, the agreement will be effective for five years with a provision of automatic renewal for another five years. 

7) Germany Launches World's 1st Hydrogen-Powered Train
•Germany has rolled out the world’s first hydrogen-powered train, signalling the start of a push to challenge the might of polluting diesel trains with costlier but more eco-friendly technology. 

•The two Coradia iLint trains were built by French train-maker firm Alstom. It started operating on a 100 km (62-mile) route between Cuxhaven, Bremerhaven, Bremervoerde and Buxtehude in northern Germany.

8) Dr. Raghupati Singhania Conferred With Civilian Honour Of Mexico
•Chairman and MD, JK Tyre & Industries Ltd., Dr. Raghupati Singhania has been conferred with 'Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle', the highest honour accorded to non-nationals by the Government of Mexico. 

•Melba Pria, Ambassador of Mexico to India presented the award to Dr. Singhania on behalf of the President of Mexico on the eve of 128th National Day of Mexico. The top honor is in recognition of Dr. Singhania's exemplary leadership, his noteworthy services towards humanity and his efforts to strengthen bilateral ties between India and Mexico. 

9) Varun Dhawan, Anushka Sharma Signed As Ambassadors Of Skill India Campaign
•Actors Varun Dhawan and Anushka Sharma have been signed on to promote and endorse the Skill India Mission, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 

•The actors through their film are saluting India’s entrepreneurs and skilled workforce, especially homegrown artisans, craftspeople and weavers. 

10) Independent India’s 1st Woman IAS Officer Passes Away
•India’s first woman IAS officer after Independence, Anna Rajam Malhotra, who served in the Madras State under then Chief Minister C. Rajagopalachari and at the Central government, died in Mumbai. She was 91.

•She later married R.N. Malhotra, who served as Governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1985 to 1990. Ms. Malhotra joined the civil services in 1951 and opted for the Madras cadre. 

11) Vodafone Idea Board Approves Merger With Aditya Birla Telecom
•The Board of Directors of Vodafone Idea Limited, India's largest telecom operator, approved merger of the Vodafone Idea Limited with the Aditya Birla Telecom Limited (ABTL), the parent company of Idea Cellular. The merger was approved under the relevant provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. 

•The merger is now subjected to approval of the National Company Law Tribunal. The Aditya Birla Telecom Ltd holds 11.15% stake in telecom infrastructure firm Indus Towers Ltd. With this amalgamation, Vodafone Idea will directly have shareholding in Indus Towers and can monetise the stake held by ABTL following simplification in the corporate structure. 

12) Lewis Hamilton Wins Singapore Grand Prix 2018
•Lewis Hamilton won the Singapore Grand Prix at Marina Bay Street Circuit, in Singapore. Mercedes’ Lewis Hamilton won the 1st position. He was followed by Red Bull’s Max Verstappen in the 2nd spot. 

•Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel finished in the 3rd place. With this victory, Lewis Hamilton has increased his chances of winning this year’s Formula One World Championship. 

13) Hangzhou To Host 2022 Asian Para Games
•The Asian Paralympic Committee (APC)  confirmed that Hangzhou in China will host the fourth edition of Asian Para Games in 2022. The confirmation came following a visit to Hangzhou in July by APC President Majid Rashed and CEO Tarek Souei.

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SSC CGL 2017 Tier 1 Question Papers with Answer Key PDF Download ALL SHIFT

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The HINDU Notes – 19th September 2018

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📰 U.S., China step up trade war, slap tit-for-tat tariffs

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