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Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Pratiyogita Darpan May 2018 (Hindi) Pdf Download

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Common Mistakes in UPSC Exam Preparation

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Hard work undoubtedly is the most critical factor in Civil Services preparation. However, the effect sharpens when it is complemented by smart work. The strategy to prepare, what to stress upon, what to spare, what to give passive reference, what to analyze in great detail, how proportionately the time is to be allocated among  the subjects and so on are equally vital in addition to the sheer hard work. In light of this, an IAS aspirant must keep in mind the few following probable mistakes, he/she should avoid:
Believing the rumors
First and foremost is to avoid rumors spread by the fellow IAS aspirants and the senior persons. The IAS aspirants should not believe the rumors and insist on the government sources of information. There are some miscreants who generally spread the half baked information and do not know the clear reasons or miss out the big picture. The IAS aspirants should always keep in mind the big picture and the macro concerns of the nation so that they can comprehend and interrelate the various aspects of the issue.
Consulting too many books
The enormity of study materials and the plethora of books available in the market for Civil Services Examination preparation today has surpassed all the limits. There are hundreds of books and notes on every topic. Moreover, most of these books cover all the topics and sub-parts. It becomes really a difficult choice for the aspirants at times to choose the desired book. In fact, many students go for multiple books on the same topic.
It should be evident that the demand of UPSC from appearing candidates is the analysis of the topic, rather than mere explanation of the facts. Books or magazines contain the facts, established opinions and related data substantiating these. Therefore, reading books are necessary to instill knowledge vis-a-vis any particular topic. However more vital is their analysis and  elucidation rather than mere collecting facts. Choosing multiple books on the same topic will only enhance the knowledge with regards to the topic and may not inculcate the ability to analyze from one’s own perspective. Therefore, consulting too many books on the same topic will only create redundancy and inefficient utilization of time. It is strictly advisable to read a book many times rather than many books of the same topic.
Reading not writing
Civil Services examination is considered to be the mother of all the competitive examination and hence the justification to read scores of books is apt.The number and the varieties of the books are huge. No matter how much one reads, the void is still felt and hence the aspirant goes for further study and revision. However, reading constitutes only a portion of the Civil Services Examination preparation. Reading enables an aspirant to gather enormous books, facts and knowledge. However, Civil Services Examination is not the test of knowledge only. It checks the thinking ability, analytical ability, understandibility, rationality and the time management of a candidate in the examination hall as well. A candidate performs miserably in an examination, if he has read a lot but, without any writing practice.
Having gathered appropriate knowledge, it is equally important to learn how to use it for becoming successful in the Civil Services Examination. One should have done ample practices of Multiple Choice Questions before his Preliminary examination, as it comprises of Multiple Choice Questions only. The candidate should be adroit in solving an MCQ by elimination, connecting options with the question statement, making backward linkages from the various options and so on; in addition to using their knowledge. It requires to write for 27 hours with an average of more than 1500 words per hour in the mains examination. It is very vital for a candidate to practice writing answers in quick time to develop writing skills. Good reading with enhanced writing skill will make a candidate perform much better than someone who has only read.
Heavily relying on newspapers
Newspapers, undoubtedly are the backbone of civil services examination preparation. It is an important source for the current affairs, opinions and analysis of a topic. Substantial portion of the preliminary examination and huge portions of General Studies paper 2 and 3 in the mains examination are directly related to the newspaper. Moreover, current issues are again a vital part for the interview. Students have the habit of spending a lot of time on the newspaper. Many of them spend hours getting into the detail of every news, every opinion and every discussions mentioned in the newspaper. The efforts are further multiplied in case of aspirants going for multiple newspapers.
The newspaper should be a source for selected news, opinions and analysis. Reading newspapers should be well strategized and smart. Government policies, Discussions about important legislations, major environmental issues, welfare schemes and so on should be the topics to be read from the newspaper. It is not too important to make summary and notes of newspaper contents. International issues should also be avoided to be read for a long time, as its proportion in the main examination has drastically reduced.
How to create an effective timetable for IAS Preparation?
Studying not sleeping
Long hours of studies are undoubtedly critical for the success of Civil Services Examination. However, there are certain limits, beyond which the efficiency of mind deteriorates. Human mind cannot process and analyze the data beyond some time span. However, owing to immense cut-throat competition, an IAS aspirant wants to read as much as he want which leads him to work for hours. So much so that the aspirants start cutting their time from sleep, entertainments and recreational activities.
Excessive and continuous studies without any break and without ample sleep may not keep a candidate efficient and sharp. The knowledge, one instils need to be settled through sound sleep. Actually the sleep acts as a stabilizer and makes an aspirants fresh and healthy after every sleep break. Having 7-8 hours of sound sleep is equally necessary for the preparation of Civil Services Examination.
Reliance on coaching institutes and lesser on self studies
Off lately, this has become an established norm to take admission while doing college studies or immediately after that. People consider relying on the coaching institutes makes one’s chances quite high to become successful in the Civil Services Examination. Most of the students consider attending classes to be the most important portion of the civil studies examination preparation.
Students who rely excessive and only on the methods of coaching institutes often regret not having self studied. Coaching institutes merely guide an aspirant on the path to be taken and topics to be read about.  They helped the students ease out a concept and makes them practice. However, Such practices and preparation will be futile if not complemented, aided and supported by hard labor, self studies and self reliance.

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Monday, April 23, 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 23rd April 2018

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1)  World Book And Copyright Day: 23 April
•World Book and Copyright Day is celebrated globally this year on 23 April to provide the people with many ideas and plans to make them aware of the situation and condition in the World. The World Book Capital for 2018 is Athens, Greece.

•23 April is a symbolic date for world literature. It is on this date in 1616 that Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died. It is also the date of birth or death of other prominent authors.

2)  Bengal’s Digambarpur, India’s Best Gram Panchayat
•West Bengal has once again topped in the country with Digambarpur Gram Panchayat (GP) bagging the Centre’s award for the best Gram Panchayat in the country.

•The survey was conducted by the Ministry of Panchayati Raj. Digambarpur GP at Patharpratima block in South 24-Parganas has come up as the best out of 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats in the country.

3)  AFSPA Removed From Meghalaya
•The Union Home Ministry completely revoked the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from Meghalaya while diluting it in other regions of Arunachal Pradesh.

•Until September 2017, 40% of Meghalaya was under AFSPA. However, after a recent review in consultations with the state government, AFSPA was removed completely from Meghalaya. Similarly, AFSPA is now applicable only in 8 police stations in Arunachal, down from 16 police stations in 2017.

4)  India’s GDP To Reach $5 Trillion By 2025
•India is poised to remain the fastest growing large economy in the world, and its GDP is expected to reach $5 trillion by 2025, Economic Affairs Secretary Subhash Chandra Garg has told the World Bank in the 97th meeting of the Development Committee of the World Bank in Washington, USA.

•According to him, it is expected that India to grow at over 7.4%.

5)  Winners Of ‘1st Print Biennale India 2018’ Given Away Awards In New Delhi
•Lalit Kala Akademi, organised the award ceremony of the '1st Print Biennale India 2018 (PBI)' in New Delhi. The Chief Guest of the programme was Ms Sujata Prasad, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Culture.

•Arup Kumar Kuity (Andhra Pradesh), Satya Narayana Gavara (Andhra Pradesh), Preya Bhagat (Uttar Pradesh), Purvi Parmar (Gujrat) and Sonal Varshneya (Uttar Pradesh) were given the award in the 1st PBI.

6)  Rafael Nadal Win 11th Monte Carlo Masters Title
•Rafael Nadal of Spain has won the 11th Monte Carlo Masters title by defeating Japan's Kei Nishikori in final to retain the world number one ranking.

•He has become the first male tennis player in the Open Era to win the same title 11 times in his career with his 76th ATP Tour title. Nadal also overtook Serbia's Novak Djokovic to clinch most Masters 1000 titles (31).

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The HINDU Notes – 23rd April 2018

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📰 Limits to maximal rhetoric

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Pratiyogita Darpan May 2018 (English) Pdf Download

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Polity Trending Topics for UPSC Prelims 2018

ECONOMICS Trending Topics for UPSC Prelims 2018

Daily Current Affairs, 22nd April 2018

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1)  World Earth Day: 22 April
•The World Earth Day (WED) is celebrated on 22nd April not only to spread awareness of the need for conservation but also to take action to protect the environment. Earth Day is considered to be the largest secular world event.

•This day was first celebrated on April 22, 1970 and has ever since been an annual event. The theme for World Earth Day 2018 is 'End Plastic Pollution'. Earth Day 2018 is dedicated to providing the information and inspiration needed to fundamentally.

2)  Cabinet Nod To Restructured Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan Scheme
•The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved a restructured Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan scheme aimed at making rural local bodies self-sustainable, financially stable and more efficient.

•According to the Union Panchayati Raj Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, PM Narendra Modi will launch Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan scheme in Mandla in Madhya Pradesh on the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day.

3)  FM And CBGs From G20 Agree For Economic Growth By Promoting Trade
•Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors from G20, the Group of 20 economies, have agreed to aim for economic growth by promoting trade.

•In their two day meeting at Washington, the financial leaders agreed to work together to promote trade and global economic growth. Argentine Treasury Minister Nicolas Dujovne has chaired the meeting.

4)  6 Countries Suspend Membership In UNASUR Regional Bloc
•Bolivian Foreign Minister Fernando Huanacuni has announced that Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay and Peru had decided to temporarily leave the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), given differences over choosing the secretary general of the group.

•A South American bloc created a decade ago to counter US influence in the region has temporarily lost half its members after six countries suspended their memberships amid differences over who should lead the group.

5)  RBI Revises Its KYC Guidelines
•The Reserve Bank of India has revised "Know Your Customer" or the KYC guidelines. The KYC norms have been revised following the government's decision to update the 'Prevention of Money Laundering' rules in June 2017. The RBI made linking of national biometric ID Aadhaar to bank accounts mandatory. However, it said this will be subject to the final decision of the Supreme Court on making of Aadhaar mandatory.its

•Till now, an Officially Valid Document for address proof together with Permanent Account Number issued by the Income Tax department and a recent passport size photograph were the key KYC documents. But in the amended Customer Due Diligence procedure, the Aadhaar number, the PAN or Form No. 60 need to be obtained from an individual who is eligible for applying for the biometric ID.

6)  Deepika Padukone, Virat Kohli Among TIME's 100 Most Influential People
•The TIME Magazine released the 100 Most Influential People List of 2018 designating individuals whose time is now. The 2018 list features the names of four self-made Indians- Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone, Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli, Ola co-founder Bhavish Aggarwal and Microsoft’s CEO Satya Nadella.

•The list also features the US President Donald Trump. The list of 100 Most Influential People of 2018 includes the names of actress Nicole Kidman, 'Wonder Women' starrer Gal Gadot, Prince Harry and his fiance Meghan Markle and singers Rihanna and Jennifer Lopez.

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