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Sunday, May 19, 2019


Vision IAS Monthly Current Affair April 2019 Pdf Download

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Now you have made up your mind to become IAS officer and looking for the books and study materials to achieve your goal. Well, you are on the right page. Now We are Sharing With You Vision IAS Current Affairs April 2019  PDF Download

This Magazine will Helpful for for Your Prelims paper and Gs Mains Paper. At the end of this article, we have shared links to get Vision IAS Current Affairs April 2019  PDF.

Vision IAS Current Affairs April 2019  PDF

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List of Biosphere Reserves in India

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Biosphere Reserves in India
1. Achankamar- Amarkantak
Location: Covers parts of Anupur and Dindori districts of Madhya Pradesh and parts Bilaspur districts of Chhattisgarh.
2. Agasthyamalai
Location:  Neyyyar, Peppara and Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuaries and their adjoining areas in Kerala.
3. Cold Desert
Location: Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife in Himachal Pradesh.
4. Dehang- Debang
Location: Part of Siang and Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh.
5. Dibru- Saikhowa
Location: Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia Districts (Assam)
6. Great Nicobar
Location: Southern most islands of Andaman & Nicobar.
7. Gulf of Mannar

Location: Indian part of Gulf of Mannar between India and Srilanka (Tamil Nadu)
8. Kachchh
Location: Part of Katchchh, Rajkot, Surendra Nagar and Patan Civil Districts of Gujarat State.
9. Khang Chendzonga
Location: Parts of Khang Chenzonga hills and Sikkim.
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List of Elephant Reserves of India

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The Government of India had launched the project Elephant in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with objectives to protect elephants, their habitat corridors; to address issues of man-animal conflict; and welfare of captive elephants. Here, we are giving the list of Elephant Reserves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
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List of Project Tiger Reserves of India

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The tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India to   ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats and also to protect them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance. Here, we are giving the list of Project Tiger Reserves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

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Vision IAS PT 365 Government Schemes 2019 Hindi PDF

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Vision IAS PT 365 Government Schemes 2019 Hindi PDF

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Friday, May 17, 2019

The HINDU Notes – 17th May 2019

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📰 U.S. President Donald Trump announces new points-based green card system

Education, language skills to be rewarded in new proposal

•U.S. President Donald Trump on Thursday announced a proposal that will include significant changes to the way green cards are allocated, by dramatically reducing the number of family-based green cards and moving towards a points-based (“merit-based”) system that will reward, among other factors, education, skills and English language proficiency. The plan, which the President outlined at a Rose Garden gathering, with senior administration officials and influential Hill Republicans in attendance, sought to boost border security and tighten asylum procedures.

•Mr. Trump’s new plan, details of which had already been reported widely in the U.S. media before the announcement, will dramatically increase the number of green cards that are given through the skills route versus the family-based route. However, the overall number of green cards, just over 1.1 million in 2017, will remain the same.

•Currently about 12% of those receiving green cards entered the U.S. based on skill-based visas (such as the H1B), while some 66% are family-based green cards. The new proposal will increase skills-based green cards to 57%. Points will be awarded to applicants based on their education, work experience, age (more points for younger workers), English language ability etc. New immigrants will have to show that they can financially support themselves and will need to pass a civics exam.

•Mr Trump also announced that there would be a new “Build America” visa – details of which were not provided on Thursday. His Rose Garden speech made references to foreign workers displacing low income Americans’ jobs and highly valuable graduates leaving America to start companies in their own countries because they could not get a visa in America.

•People given Green Cards on humanitarian and diversity grounds will now only constitute 10% of all Green Card recipients, according to a handout given to the press at the end of the Rose Garden event. Currently, the diversity lottery offers 50,000 green cards to under-represented groups each year.

•The proposals, if they eventually turn into law, are likely to have a significant impact on Indians who interact with the U.S. immigration system. A large majority (over 70%) of H1B visas, for skilled workers, went to Indians in fiscal year 2018. Many of these are eventually converted to green cards. Indian residents getting green cards have been in the range of 57,000-62,000 in the 2015-2017 period.

•However, it is far from clear that a shift towards a points-based system will make the prospects of Indian skilled migrants wanting to settle in the U.S. easier, as bringing family members over, especially elderly parents, may get more complicated. Mr Trump said that spouses and children will be prioritized under the new system.

•"If Trump's plan became law, millions of U.S. citizens and permanent residents—including those who first arrived as H-1B workers—would no longer be able live in America with their parents and children,” Doug Rand, who worked on immigration in the Obama White House and is now co-founder of Boundless Immigration, a firm that helps immigrants get green cards and U.S. citizenship, told The Hindu.

•“But this has no chance of becoming law—it's just a cynical PR move that pays lip service to high-skill immigration even as the Trump administration is systematically dismantling high-skill immigration with every tool at its disposal,” Mr Rand said. The Trump administration has made regulation around legal immigration more stringent, such as by seeking to clamp down on work-permits for spouses of migrants.

•The second part of the White House proposal seeks to reduce illegal migration to the U.S. by building “physical barriers” in sections of the southern border with Mexico. It will also make it harder for individuals to claim asylum (which is a right under U.S. and international law). It will create a border security trust fund , which is funded by fees collected at the border, Mr Trump said.

•The White House immigration plan was designed, as per reports, by Mr Trump’s son-in-law and advisor Jared Kushner and Stephen Miller, senior advisor to Mr Trump, who is considered a right-wing immigration hardliner .

•The proposal seeks to bring Republicans together around the immigration debate that will be a focus in the 2020 Presidential elections. However it is by no means a given that it appeal to the Republicans. Mr Kushner and Mr Miller lobbied Congressional Republicans earlier this week and reportedly failed to get strong support.

•It is even less certain that Democrats will support the bill. Based on details currently available, the proposal also does not appear to address concerns the Democrats have with current asylum laws. It also remains silent on how to deal with the status of millions of “dreamers”, individuals who were brought into the U.S. illegally as minors.

•“The idea that for every immigrant they help, they “hurt one, all of that is no good,” the New York Times quoted Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer as saying.

•“Don’t come up with a plan that Stephen Miller rubber stamps and say, ‘Now pass it.’ It’s not going to happen,” Mr Schumer said.

•“I don’t think it’s designed to get Democratic support as much as it is to unify the Republican Party around border security, a negotiating position,” Senate Judiciary Committee chairman Lindsey Graham, a Trump ally, said. Mr Graham released his own immigration proposal on Wednesday.

📰 Pact will aid information exchange to fight terrorism, says U.S. Admiral

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