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Monday, January 10, 2022

THE HINDU NEWSPAPER IMPORTANT ARTICLES 10.01.2022

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Sunday, January 09, 2022

Apti Plus Mains 2022 Mock Test 1 PDF

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 Apti Plus Mains 2022 Mock Test 1 PDF

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Kurukshetra Magazine January 2022 PDF

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 Kurukshetra Magazine January 2022 PDF

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Yojana Magazines January 2022 English PDF

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 Yojana Magazines January 2022 English PDF

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Saturday, January 08, 2022

Daily Current Affairs, 08th January 2022

18:52

 


1)  Union Minister Jitendra Singh inaugurates 24th Conference on e-Governance 2020-21

•Union Minister of Science and Technology, Dr Jitendra Singh has inaugurated the 24th National Conference on e-Governance in Hyderabad, Telangana. The theme of the two-day Conference is ‘India’s Techade: Digital Governance in a Post Pandemic World’. The conference has been organised by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG) and the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), in association with the State Government of Telangana.


2)  OPEC appoints Kuwait’s Haitham Al Ghais as new secretary general

•Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has appointed Kuwaiti oil executive Haitham Al Ghais as its new secretary-general, as demand for oil continues to improve amid a mild recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. Al Ghais, a veteran of the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation and Kuwait’s Opec governor from 2017 to June 2021, will take the group’s reins in August, replacing Mohammad Barkindo.


•The move comes as the oil exporters’ group and its allies prepare to decide on a future course for oil production. Opec+ is expected to stick to the plan and increase production by 400,000 barrels per day in February.


3)  Justice Ayesha Malik to be Pakistan’s first woman Supreme Court judge

•Pakistan has moved closer to appointing the first woman judge of the Supreme Court, after a high-power panel approved the elevation of Lahore High Court judge Ayesha Malik to the apex court. The Judicial Commission of Pakistan (JCP), headed by Chief Justice Gulzar Ahmed, approved Malik’s elevation by a majority of five votes against four.


•This is the second time that the JCP held a meeting to decide on Justice Malik’s elevation. Justice Malik’s name first came before the JCP on September 9 last year but the panel was equally split, resulting in the rejection of her candidature.


4)  Ind-Ra lowers India’s GDP growth forecast by 10 basis points to 9.3% in FY22

•The rating agency India Ratings and Research (Ind-Ra) has downgraded the GDP of India for the current fiscal FY 2021-2022. Ind-Ra expects the GDP to clock a growth rate of 9.3% y-o-y in FY22. Earlier this estimate was 9.4%. Meanwhile, Brickworks Ratings has also revised India’s GDP growth forecast for the current fiscal (FY22) to 8.5-9%. Earlier this was estimated at 10%. The rapid spread of the Omicron variant is the main driver to downgrade GDP growth projections.


5)  3rd National Water Awards for 2020 announced

•Union Minister of Jal Shakti, Gajendra Singh Shekhawat has declared the winners of the third National Water Awards for the year 2020. Uttar Pradesh has been adjudged as the Best State in water conservation efforts in the National Water Awards 2020. It is followed by Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu respectively. The award comes with a citation, trophy and cash prize. Muzaffarnagar in Uttar Pradesh received the best district award in the northern zone followed by Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar in Punjab.


6)  A new book titled “Gandhi’s Assassin: The Making of Nathuram Godse and His Idea of India” by Dhirendra Jha

•Dhirendra K. Jha, a Delhi-based journalist, has authored a new book titled “Gandhi’s Assassin: The Making of Nathuram Godse and His Idea of India”. The book explores Godse’s relationship with the organizations that influenced his view and gave him a sense of purpose and draws out the gradual hardening of Godse’s resolve that led to Mahatma Gandhi’s assassination.


7)  ICMR approves India-made first kit ‘OmiSure’ to detect Omicron

•The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has approved a testing kit for detecting the Omicron variant of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. The covid kit developed by Tata is called ‘OmiSure’ and will be an enhancement for the detection of the Omicron variant. The kit is manufactured by Tata Medical and Diagnostics. The tests have been performed as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Responsibility for batch-to-batch consistency lies with the manufacturer.


8)  KVIC launched India’s first “Mobile Honey Processing Van”

•Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) Chairman, Vinai Kumar Saxena has launched the country’s first Mobile Honey Processing Van at Village Sirora in Ghaziabad. The Mobile Van has been designed in-house by KVIC at its Multi-disciplinary Training Centre, Panjokehra, at a cost of Rs 15 lakh. This mobile honey processing unit can process up to 300 KG of honey in 8 hours. The van is also equipped with a testing laboratory, that would instantly examine the quality of honey.


9)  Winter Olympics-bound Md Arif Khan included in Target Olympic Podium Scheme

•Sports Ministry’s Mission Olympic Cell (MOC) of India has approved the inclusion of Alpine Skiing athlete Md Arif Khan in the Target Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS) Core group, until the Winter Olympics, scheduled this February in Beijing, China. The feat earned Khan the unique distinction of becoming the first Indian to win direct quota spots in two different Winter Olympics events, besides being the first athlete from the country to seal a berth at the Winter Olympic games 2022.


•Khan will take part in the Winter Olympics in the Slalom and Giant Slalom events. He has also been approved an amount of Rs 17.46 Lakh under TOPS towards training in Europe and procurement of equipment, ahead of the grand event in China. Khan’s current training base is in Austria, where he is accompanied by his coach and physio.

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The HINDU Notes – 08th January 2022

18:37

 


📰 NEET counselling can begin under existing EWS criteria: Supreme Court

Court upholds constitutional validity of 27% OBC quota in AIQ seats; Lists final hearing on validity of EWS criteria in March

•The Supreme Court on Friday allowed National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET counselling to proceed while maintaining 27% reservation for the Other Backward Classes (OBC) and 10% for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in the All India Quota (AIQ) seats in accordance with a July 29, 2021 government order not to “dislocate” medical admissions this year.

•The ₹8 lakh gross annual family income limit criterion for identifying the EWS, as originally notified by a January 2019 official memorandum and recommended for retention by the government-appointed former Finance Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey-led Expert Committee on December 31, 2021, would be implemented for the admission year 2021-2022.

•The court, however, upheld the 27% reservation for the OBCs in NEET’s AIQ seats for postgraduate and undergraduate admissions. There would be no further debate on this aspect.

•The question of the validity of the EWS criteria, including the ₹ 8 lakh income threshold, which have to be implemented in this year’s NEET counselling so as not to upset medical admissions for 2021-2022, would be heard finally and decided upon by the Supreme Court in March third week, a Bench of Justices D.Y. Chandrachud and A.S. Bopanna noted in its interim order.

•After pronouncing it, Justice Chandrachud clarified orally to the parties that “we have upheld the constitutional validity of the 27% reservation for the OBCs. On the EWS criteria, we have said for this year, the criteria which was notified earlier [January 2019] shall continue to operate to ensure that the admission process for this year shall not be dislocated”.

•The judge continued, “prospectively, and for the future, we will hear the petitions finally on the EWS criteria in the third week of March and rule on that. The ruling will then apply prospectively and for the future”.

•Pronouncing the operative directions in the interim order, the court noted the “urgent need to commence the process of NEET counselling” for 2021-2022.

•Firstly, the court agreed with the government and the Pandey committee that the EWS criteria as stipulated in January 2019 need to be used for the NEET admissions this year so that the entire exercise is not derailed.

•“Counselling for NEET PG 2021 and NEET UG 2021 shall be conducted by giving effect to the reservation provided by the notification of July 29, 2021, including 27% reservation for OBC and 10% reservation for EWS category for the AIQ seats,” it ordered.

•Secondly, it directed that the “criteria for the determination of the EWS, as notified by January 2019 official memorandum, shall be used for identifying the EWS category for candidates who appeared for NEET PG and NEET UG examinations in 2021”.

•Thirdly, it said any further and prospective recommendations made by the Pandey committee, modifying the criteria in the January 2019 memorandum, would be subject to the final result of the adjudication of the case in court.

Doctors’ plea

•The case concerns petitions filed by doctors in August 2021 against the July 29, 2021 notification issued by the Directorate General of Health Services of the Ministry of Health implementing 27% and 10% reservation for the OBC and EWS categories respectively while filling 15% undergraduate and 50% postgraduate AIQ seats under NEET.

•The hearings in the case saw the court raise questions about the ₹ 8 lakh income limit to identify the EWS category as per the January 2019 official memorandum. The Constitution (One Hundred and Third Amendment) Act, which introduced the 10% EWS quota, came into force on January 14, 2019. The court wondered whether there was any application of mind before fixing the ₹8 lakh limit , and whether it was only a “mechanical adoption” of the OBC creamy lawyer cut-off.

•On October 26, the government filed an affidavit maintainingthat the income limit was fixed after “due deliberations”.

•However, on November 25, it stated that it wanted four weeks to review the income criterion for the EWS. It had deferred NEET counselling for the time being.

•The Pandey committee was constituted on November 30 for the purpose. It submitted a report to the government on December 31, supporting the income limit as a “reasonable” criterion for identifying the EWS. It, however, suggested certain other modifications in the EWS criteria, which could be considered for implementation only from the next academic year. It recommended that the existing EWS criteria should retained for NEET admissions in 2021-2022.

•The government supported the Pandey panel recommendation in court and urged the court to allow NEET counselling for 2021-2022 to resume under the existing system as per the July 29, 2021 notification along with the EWS criteria stipulated in January 2019.

•The government’s urgency in court was apparent after doctors clashed with police in the Capital against the delay in NEET admissions even as a public health crisis raged in the country.

📰 The baton of forest restoration in the net zero race

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[ GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 2 ] : UPSC MAINS CIVIL SERVICES IAS EXAM 2021 QUESTION PAPER

18:27

[ GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 2 ] : UPSC MAINS CIVIL SERVICES IAS EXAM 2021 QUESTION PAPER

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[ GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 1 ] : UPSC MAINS CIVIL SERVICES IAS EXAM 2021 QUESTION PAPER

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[ GENERAL STUDIES PAPER – 1 ] : UPSC MAINS CIVIL SERVICES IAS EXAM 2021 QUESTION PAPER

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NCERT Art & Culture MCQs For UPSC Prelims Exams PDF

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NCERT Art & Culture MCQs For UPSC Prelims Exams PDF

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